The Postal Act of 1792 further defined the role of the Postal Service. Under the act, newspapers were allowed in the mails at low rates to promote the spread of information across the states. To ensure the sanctity and privacy of post office 77008 the mails, postal officials were forbidden to open any letters in their charge unless they were undeliverable. These provisions enlarged and strengthened the duties of the Post Office and unified the organization by providing rules and regulations for its development. One of which was the transportation of mail. Other than by railroad or steamboat, the delivery of mail would only be given to bidders who offered stagecoach services.
Postal headquarters were located in Philadelphia until 1800, and then later moved to Washington, D.C… Officials carried all postal records, furniture, and supplies from Philadelphia to D.C. in in two horse drawn wagons.
The Post Office and the President’s Cabinet
In 1829, then President Andrew Jackson appointed William T. Barry of Kentucky to become the first Postmaster General within a President’s Cabinet. However, the Department of the Post Office was not formally established as an executive department by Congress until June of 1872.
In 1830, an investigative and inspection branch of the Post Office was established and was led by P.S. Loughborough. Loughborough is known as first Chief Postal Inspector.
Up to 1845, mail was delivered by coach, railroad, or steamboat. This was abolished by Congress on March 3, 1845. This act provided that the Postmaster General will lease all contracts to the lowest bidder who gave sufficient guarantee of providing a faithful performance, without conditions, except to provide for the “celerity, certainty and security” of the transportation of mail. These bids became known as “celerity, certainty, and security bids” and were represented by three stars known as star routes.